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metrics-server之K8S资源监控

2022-01-20
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一、背景

kubernetes 集群资源监控之前可以通过 heapster 来获取数据,在 1.11 开始开始逐渐废弃 heapster 了,采用 metrics-server 来代替,metrics-server 是集群的核心监控数据的聚合器,它从 kubelet 公开的 Summary API 中采集指标信息,metrics-server 是扩展的 APIServer,依赖于kube-aggregator,因为我们需要在 APIServer 中开启相关参数。后期还可以通过 metrics-server这个插件来实现动态扩容缩容,即HPA。

二、安装metrics-server

部署 metrics-server插件其实很简单,执行如下操作即可:

#下载metrics-server的yaml文件
wget -c https://github.com/kubernetes-sigs/metrics-server/releases/download/v0.3.7/components.yaml
#修改metrics-server的yaml文件
sed -i -e "s/--secure-port=4443/&\n        command:\n          - \/metrics-server\n          - --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP\n          - --kubelet-insecure-tls/" -e "s#k8s.gcr.io/metrics-server/metrics-server:v0.3.7#zhaoqinchang/metrics-server:0.3.7#g" components.yaml
#应用metrics-server的yaml文件
mv components.yaml metrics-server.yaml && kubectl apply -f metrics-server.yaml

metrics-server.yaml文件全部内容如下:

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: system:aggregated-metrics-reader
  labels:
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-view: "true"
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-edit: "true"
    rbac.authorization.k8s.io/aggregate-to-admin: "true"
rules:
- apiGroups: ["metrics.k8s.io"]
  resources: ["pods", "nodes"]
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: metrics-server:system:auth-delegator
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:auth-delegator
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
  name: metrics-server-auth-reader
  namespace: kube-system
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Role
  name: extension-apiserver-authentication-reader
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: apiregistration.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: APIService
metadata:
  name: v1beta1.metrics.k8s.io
spec:
  service:
    name: metrics-server
    namespace: kube-system
  group: metrics.k8s.io
  version: v1beta1
  insecureSkipTLSVerify: true
  groupPriorityMinimum: 100
  versionPriority: 100
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: metrics-server
  template:
    metadata:
      name: metrics-server
      labels:
        k8s-app: metrics-server
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: metrics-server
      volumes:
      # mount in tmp so we can safely use from-scratch images and/or read-only containers
      - name: tmp-dir
        emptyDir: {}
      containers:
      - name: metrics-server
        image: zhaoqinchang/metrics-server:0.3.7
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        args:
          - --cert-dir=/tmp
          - --secure-port=4443
        command:                 #添加以下三行command命令
          - /metrics-server
          - --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP
          - --kubelet-insecure-tls
        ports:
        - name: main-port
          containerPort: 4443
          protocol: TCP
        securityContext:
          readOnlyRootFilesystem: true
          runAsNonRoot: true
          runAsUser: 1000
        volumeMounts:
        - name: tmp-dir
          mountPath: /tmp
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    kubernetes.io/name: "Metrics-server"
    kubernetes.io/cluster-service: "true"
spec:
  selector:
    k8s-app: metrics-server
  ports:
  - port: 443
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: main-port
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: system:metrics-server
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods
  - nodes
  - nodes/stats
  - namespaces
  - configmaps
  verbs:
  - get
  - list
  - watch
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: system:metrics-server
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:metrics-server
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: metrics-server
  namespace: kube-system

部署完成即可看到K8S的资源状况,如下图所示:

k8s
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